The Holy Grail of Artificial Intelligence (AI) research is to enable the computer to see, listen, and understand the world in a similar way as humans. While the goal of a self-aware and cognitive computer has yet to be attained, AI has unquestionably demonstrated tremendous progress and capabilities in recent years. Today, AI-enabled applications are pervasive. For example, decision-support systems incorporating AI can effectively assist clinicians in medical diagnoses. In an urban context, a visual intelligence platform can make decisions based on traffic flow analytics and pedestrian behaviour to inform real-time interventions in transportation. To realise the promise of AI and achieve transformative benefits for our society, the Chinese University of Hong Kong has established the Centre for Perceptual and Interactive Intelligence (CPII).